Services


Glossary of Skills

Frequently Used Editorial Terms

Copyediting

Reading a manuscript line by line to correct spelling, punctuation, grammar, and syntax and to clarify/resolve inconsistent references. Copyediting can also involve reading a manuscript to improve style, which may mean deleting unnecessary words, substituting new words for incorrect or awkward ones, and rearranging sentences within paragraphs.

Developmental editing

Working with the author(s) to develop a manuscript and ensuring that the finished manuscript meets the publisher’s requirements.

Indexing

Reading and analyzing a text in order to assemble a systematic guide, for use by various readers, to the names and substantive concepts contained in the text; these are represented by individual and grouped entries arranged in an easily searchable order, such as alphabetical, chronological, or numerical.

Editing an index involves assessing its overall usefulness, thoroughness of coverage, logic, and consistency. The indexer or editor evaluates components such as main headings, double-posted entries, cross references, punctuation, accuracy of page references (based on a fair sampling), and the reader-friendly layout of typeset index pages.

Proofreading

Reading typeset galleys and/or page layouts (usually against a copy of the final manuscript) to correct typographical errors and to call problems and inconsistencies to the attention of the editor and/or publisher.

Research

Using public and private resources to gather information on a given subject; compiling that information in a format to be presented to an author or publisher.

Rewriting

Reading a manuscript or collection of materials with the aim of recasting the ideas into a readable format, such as a book or an article. The finished product may bear little resemblance to the original materials.

Substantive editing

Reading a manuscript to suggest changes in the structure of the material; for example, creating a new outline, proposing additions or deletions, recommending changes in tone or emphasis, and inserting such aids to readability as headings, italic or bold type, and lists.

Translation editing

Copyediting, substantive editing, rewriting, or proofreading material that is not in English or was not originally in English.


Index

This index is organized under frequently sought editorial skills and areas of expertise. For more information about a particular editor, see the Members Directory.

African art

Alexandra Bonfante-Warren
Emily Bowles
Frances Bowles
Stephen Robert Frankel
Monica S. Rumsey

American art

Margaret Barlow
Emily Bowles
Frances Bowles
Danielle N. Carter
Mary Christian
Martin Fox
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Wendy Greenhouse
Judith Hanson
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Richard Koss
Valerie Ann Leeds
Joan Levinson
Ann Lucke
Debra N. Mancoff
Laura Napolitano
Pam Ozaroff
Jean Patterson
Michelle Piranio
Stephanie E. Rozman
Monica S. Rumsey
Margaret Stenz
Carolyn Vaughan
Rachel Walther

American history

Margaret Barlow
Danielle N. Carter
Mary Christian
Phil Freshman
Monica S. Rumsey

Ancient art

Jennifer Boynton
Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Judith Hanson
Ann Lucke
Monica S. Rumsey

Annual reports

Emily Bowles
Laura Silver
Audrey Walen

Antiques

Frances Bowles
Judith Hanson

Archaeology

Alexandra Bonfante-Warren
Jennifer Boynton
Mary Christian
Phil Freshman
Ann Lucke

Architecture/architectural history

Emily Bowles
Danielle N. Carter
Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Theresa Duran
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Wendy Greenhouse
Judith Hanson
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Richard Koss
Valerie Ann Leeds
Joan Levinson
Stephanie Salomon
Margaret Stenz
Jennifer Yankopolus

Art education

Emily Bowles
Alexandra Bonfante-Warren
Jennifer Boynton
Danielle N. Carter
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Phil Freshman
Joan Levinson
Pam Ozaroff
Monica S. Rumsey
Laura Silver

Art history (general)

Alexandra Bonfante-Warren
Emily Bowles
Jennifer Boynton
Danielle N. Carter
Elizabeth Chapple
Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Deborah Del Gais
Gregory A. Dobie
Theresa Duran
Jessica Altholz Eber
Aliza Edelman
Kelly Flynn
Martin Fox
Lory Frankel
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Jane Friedman
Wendy Greenhouse
Judith Hanson
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Richard Koss
Deanna Lee
Karen A. Levine
Joan Levinson
Ann Lucke
Laura Napolitano
Pam Ozaroff
Michelle Piranio
Robyn Roslak
Stephanie E. Rozman
Monica S. Rumsey
Laura Silver
Margaret Stenz
Carolyn Vaughan
Audrey Walen
Rachel Walther

Artist archives

Kelly E. O’Donnell

Artist biographies and memoirs

Emily Bowles

Artists’ books and statements

Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Aliza Edelman
Deanna Lee
Joan Levinson
Kelly E. O’Donnell
Pam Ozaroff
Jean Patterson
Audrey Walen

Asian art

Jung May Lee Barrett
Alexandra Bonfante-Warren
Frances Bowles
Jennifer Boynton
Deborah Del Gais
Kelly Flynn
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Deanna Lee
Ann Lucke
Jean Patterson
Stephanie E. Rozman
Monica S. Rumsey
Laura Silver

Baroque art

Emily Bowles
Mary Christian
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Ann Lucke
Monica S. Rumsey

British and Victorian studies

Danielle N. Carter
Mary Christian
Debra N. Mancoff

Brochures

Emily Bowles
Frances Bowles
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Martin Fox
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Judith Hanson
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Deanna Lee
Laura Silver
Carolyn Vaughan
Audrey Walen

Catalogues (exhibition and general museum)

Jung May Lee Barrett
Emily Bowles
Frances Bowles
Jennifer Boynton
Elizabeth Chapple
Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Theresa Duran
Jessica Altholz Eber
Aliza Edelman
Kelly Flynn
Martin Fox
Lory Frankel
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Jane Friedman
Wendy Greenhouse
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Judith Hanson
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Richard Koss
Deanna Lee
Karen A. Levine
Joan Levinson
Ann Lucke
Laura Napolitano
Kelly E. O’Donnell
Pam Ozaroff
Jean Patterson
Michelle Piranio
Robyn Roslak
Stephanie E. Rozman
Monica S. Rumsey
Laura Silver
Margaret Stenz
Carolyn Vaughan
Audrey Walen
Rachel Walther

Catalogues raisonnés

Frances Bowles
Mary Christian
Gregory A. Dobie
Stephen Robert Frankel
Michelle Piranio
Carolyn Vaughan
Rachel Walther

Children’s publications

Alexandra Bonfante-Warren
Catherine Comeau
Monica S. Rumsey
Carolyn Vaughan

Conservation

Mary Christian
Theresa Duran
Catherine Comeau
Judith Hanson
Pam Ozaroff

Contemporary art

Emily Bowles
Danielle N. Carter
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Aliza Edelman
Martin Fox
Stephen Robert Frankel
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Deanna Lee
Pam Ozaroff
Stephanie E. Rozman
Laura Silver
Rachel Walther

Copyediting

Jung May Lee Barrett
Emily Bowles
Jennifer Boynton
Danielle N. Carter
Elizabeth Chapple
Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Theresa Duran
Jessica Altholz Eber
Aliza Edelman
Kelly Flynn
Martin Fox
Lory Frankel
Phil Freshman
Jane Friedman
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Judith Hanson
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Richard Koss
Deanna Lee
Valerie Ann Leeds
Karen A. Levine
Joan Levinson
Ann Lucke
Laura Napolitano
Pam Ozaroff
Jean Patterson
Michelle Piranio
Robyn Roslak
Stephanie E. Rozman
Monica S. Rumsey
Laura Silver
Margaret Stenz
Carolyn Vaughan
Audrey Walen
Rachel Walther
Jennifer Yankopolus

Criticism/theory

Mary Christian
Aliza Edelman
Martin Fox
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Deanna Lee
Joan Levinson
Michelle Piranio
Stephanie E. Rozman
Stephanie Salomon
Audrey Walen

Cross-disciplinary/
interdisciplinary

Emily Bowles
Danielle N. Carter
Mary Christian
Stephen Robert Frankel
Stephanie Salomon

Cultural history

Alexandra Bonfante-Warren
Danielle N. Carter
Mary Christian
Martin Fox
Stephen Robert Frankel
Debra N. Mancoff
Jean Patterson
Rachel Walther

Decorative arts

Frances Bowles
Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Stephen Robert Frankel
Judith Hanson
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Laura Napolitano
Jean Patterson
Monica S. Rumsey

Design and production

Catherine Comeau

Design history

Emily Bowles
Danielle N. Carter
Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Theresa Duran
Lory Frankel
Phil Freshman
Wendy Greenhouse
Judith Hanson
Joan Levinson
Stephanie Salomon

Developmental editing

Mary Christian
Martin Fox
Lory Frankel
Stephen Robert Frankel
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Richard Koss
Deanna Lee
Karen A. Levine
Joan Levinson
Ann Lucke
Pam Ozaroff
Monica S. Rumsey
Stephanie Salomon
Jennifer Yankopolus

Digital media

Danielle N. Carter
Catherine Comeau
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Karen A. Levine

Dissertations and theses

Emily Bowles
Elizabeth Chapple
Stephen Robert Frankel
Wendy Greenhouse
Richard Koss
Deanna Lee
Laura Napolitano
Pam Ozaroff
Robyn Roslak
Margaret Stenz

English as a Second Language editing

Emily Bowles
Danielle N. Carter
Kelly Flynn
Deanna Lee
Michelle Piranio
Rachel Walther

Ethnic and folk arts

Emily Bowles
Judith Hanson

European art

Margaret Barlow
Alexandra Bonfante-Warren
Emily Bowles
Frances Bowles
Jennifer Boynton
Danielle N. Carter
Mary Christian
Kelly Flynn
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Jane Friedman
Judith Hanson
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Richard Koss
Valerie Ann Leeds
Ann Lucke
Debra N. Mancoff
Pam Ozaroff
Jean Patterson
Robyn Roslak
Monica S. Rumsey
Laura Silver
Margaret Stenz
Carolyn Vaughan
Rachel Walther

Exhibition materials (object and wall labels; text panels)

Jung May Lee Barrett
Alexandra Bonfante-Warren
Emily Bowles
Frances Bowles
Jennifer Boynton
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Kelly Flynn
Martin Fox
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Jane Friedman
Wendy Greenhouse
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Judith Hanson
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Deanna Lee
Valerie Ann Leeds
Ann Lucke
Laura Napolitano
Pam Ozaroff
Jean Patterson
Stephanie E. Rozman
Monica S. Rumsey
Laura Silver
Margaret Stenz
Carolyn Vaughan
Audrey Walen
Rachel Walther
Jennifer Yankopolus

Fashion history

Danielle N. Carter
Judith Hanson
Debra N. Mancoff
Carolyn Vaughan

Film

Danielle N. Carter
Catherine Comeau
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Joan Levinson
Pam Ozaroff
Rachel Walther

Gardens

Frances Bowles
Mary Christian
Stephen Robert Frankel
Jean Patterson
Carolyn Vaughan
Jennifer Yankopolus

Gender studies

Aliza Edelman

Grants

Laura Napolitano
Kelly E. O’Donnell
Audrey Walen

Graphic design

Emily Bowles
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Joan Levinson
Jennifer Yankopolus

Historic preservation

Mary Christian
Judith Hanson
Jennifer Yankopolus

Humanities

Danielle N. Carter
Judith Hanson
Jean Patterson
Monica S. Rumsey

Illuminated manuscripts

Danielle N. Carter
Jean Patterson

Indexing

Theresa Duran
Jane Friedman
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Jean Patterson
Monica S. Rumsey

Indian art

Jennifer Boynton
Deanna Lee
Ann Lucke
Pam Ozaroff
Jean Patterson
Stephanie E. Rozman

Industrial design

Mary Christian
Phil Freshman
Jennifer Yankopolus

Installation art

Pam Ozaroff

Interviews

Martin Fox
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Deanna Lee

Islamic art

Pam Ozaroff
Stephanie E. Rozman

Journals/periodicals

Margaret Barlow
Jung May Lee Barrett
Emily Bowles
Frances Bowles
Danielle N. Carter
Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Aliza Edelman
Lory Frankel
Stephen Robert Frankel
Wendy Greenhouse
Judith Hanson
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Richard Koss
Deanna Lee
Valerie Ann Leeds
Joan Levinson
Laura Napolitano
Pam Ozaroff
Jean Patterson
Robyn Roslak
Stephanie E. Rozman
Monica S. Rumsey
Stephanie Salomon
Margaret Stenz
Audrey Walen
Jennifer Yankopolus

Landscape architecture

Mary Christian
Stephen Robert Frankel
Jennifer Yankopolus

Language proficiencies

Jung May Lee Barrett (Chinese)
Alexandra Bonfante-Warren (French, Italian)
Danielle N. Carter (Dutch)
Elizabeth Chapple (German, Spanish)
Mary Christian (French, German, Italian)
Catherine Comeau (French, German, Italian, Spanish)
Kelly Flynn (Chinese, French, German)
Lory Frankel (French)
Wendy Greenhouse (French)
Hyunjee Nicole Kim (Japanese, Korean)
Richard Koss (French, German, Spanish)
Deanna Lee (Chinese, Italian, Spanish)
Ann Lucke (French, German, Italian)
Michelle Piranio (French)

Latin American art

Jennifer Boynton
Elizabeth Chapple
Mary Christian
Aliza Edelman
Richard Koss
Jean Patterson
Rachel Walther

LGBTQ studies

Danielle N. Carter
Stephen Robert Frankel

Line editing

Jennifer Boynton
Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Martin Fox
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Jane Friedman
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Richard Koss
Deanna Lee
Joan Levinson
Pam Ozaroff
Robyn Roslak
Stephanie E. Rozman
Stephanie Salomon
Jennifer Yankopolus

Marketing materials

Emily Bowles
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Stephanie E. Rozman

Medieval art

Danielle N. Carter
Mary Christian
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Ann Lucke
Jean Patterson
Laura Silver

Modernism

Mary Christian
Emily Bowles
Aliza Edelman
Kelly Flynn
Martin Fox
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Judith Hanson
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Deanna Lee
Joan Levinson
Michelle Piranio
Robyn Roslak
Monica S. Rumsey
Stephanie Salomon

Museum history

Emily Bowles
Danielle N. Carter
Deanna Lee
Stephanie E. Rozman

Music

Lory Frankel
Stephen Robert Frankel
Deanna Lee

Native American art

Emily Bowles
Laura Silver

Newsletters and press releases

Emily Bowles
Catherine Comeau
Jessica Altholz Eber
Martin Fox
Wendy Greenhouse
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Kelly E. O’Donnell
Laura Silver
Audrey Walen

Oceanic art

Emily Bowles
Frances Bowles

Online publications

Catherine Comeau
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Deanna Lee
Audrey Walen

Painting

Emily Bowles
Danielle N. Carter
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Jane Friedman
Wendy Greenhouse
Deanna Lee
Joan Levinson
Ann Lucke
Laura Napolitano
Pam Ozaroff
Jean Patterson
Robyn Roslak
Monica S. Rumsey
Laura Silver
Carolyn Vaughan
Rachel Walther

Performance art

Emily Bowles
Rachel Walther

Photography

Emily Bowles
Frances Bowles
Jennifer Boynton
Danielle N. Carter
Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Theresa Duran
Martin Fox
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Judith Hanson
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Richard Koss
Deanna Lee
Valerie Ann Leeds
Laura Napolitano
Pam Ozaroff
Michelle Piranio
Stephanie E. Rozman
Monica S. Rumsey
Laura Silver
Carolyn Vaughan
Rachel Walther

Popular culture

Deanna Lee
Rachel Walther

Portraiture

Danielle N. Carter
Mary Christian
Laura Napolitano

Pre-Columbian art

Emily Bowles

Prints/drawings

Emily Bowles
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Jane Friedman
Judith Hanson
Deanna Lee
Laura Napolitano
Pam Ozaroff
Jean Patterson
Laura Silver
Carolyn Vaughan
Rachel Walther

Project management and coordination

Mary Christian
Elizabeth Chapple
Stephen Robert Frankel
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Deanna Lee
Valerie Ann Leeds
Karen A. Levine
Ann Lucke
Kelly E. O’Donnell
Jean Patterson
Monica S. Rumsey
Stephanie Salomon
Margaret Stenz
Carolyn Vaughan
Audrey Walen
Rachel Walther
Jennifer Yankopolus

Proofreading

Emily Bowles
Jennifer Boynton
Danielle N. Carter
Elizabeth Chapple
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Theresa Duran
Jessica Altholz Eber
Aliza Edelman
Kelly Flynn
Martin Fox
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Jane Friedman
Wendy Greenhouse
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Judith Hanson
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Richard Koss
Deanna Lee
Valerie Ann Leeds
Karen A. Levine
Joan Levinson
Ann Lucke
Laura Napolitano
Kelly E. O’Donnell
Pam Ozaroff
Jean Patterson
Michelle Piranio
Robyn Roslak
Stephanie E. Rozman
Monica S. Rumsey
Laura Silver
Margaret Stenz
Audrey Walen
Rachel Walther

Publication consulting

Mary Christian
Monica S. Rumsey
Stephanie Salomon

Renaissance art

Emily Bowles
Danielle N. Carter
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Ann Lucke
Jean Patterson
Monica S. Rumsey

Reproduction permissions

Emily Bowles
Jessica Altholz Eber
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Deanna Lee
Stephanie E. Rozman
Rachel Walther

Research/fact-checking

Emily Bowles
Jennifer Boynton
Gregory A. Dobie
Jessica Altholz Eber
Aliza Edelman
Martin Fox
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Jane Friedman
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Richard Koss
Valerie Ann Leeds
Stephanie E. Rozman
Laura Silver
Margaret Stenz
Rachel Walther

Rewriting

Jung May Lee Barrett
Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Aliza Edelman
Kelly Flynn
Stephen Robert Frankel
Jane Friedman
Wendy Greenhouse
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Judith Hanson
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Deanna Lee
Joan Levinson
Kelly E. O’Donnell
Pam Ozaroff
Stephanie Salomon
Laura Silver

Russian art

Jane Friedman

Scholarly books

Emily Bowles
Danielle N. Carter
Elizabeth Chapple
Theresa Duran
Lory Frankel
Stephen Robert Frankel
Jane Friedman
Laura Napolitano
Pam Ozaroff

Sculpture

Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Jane Friedman
Wendy Greenhouse
Deanna Lee
Joan Levinson
Laura Silver
Rachel Walther

Self-taught artists

Emily Bowles

Substantive editing

Jung May Lee Barrett
Emily Bowles
Frances Bowles
Jennifer Boynton
Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Aliza Edelman
Kelly Flynn
Martin Fox
Lory Frankel
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Jane Friedman
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Judith Hanson
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Deanna Lee
Valerie Ann Leeds
Joan Levinson
Pam Ozaroff
Michelle Piranio
Robyn Roslak
Stephanie E. Rozman
Monica S. Rumsey
Stephanie Salomon
Margaret Stenz
Carolyn Vaughan
Audrey Walen
Jennifer Yankopolus

Textbooks

Alexandra Bonfante-Warren
Mary Christian
Martin Fox
Joan Levinson
Audrey Walen

Textiles

Frances Bowles
Jean Patterson

Trade books

Emily Bowles
Alexandra Bonfante-Warren
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Theresa Duran
Lory Frankel
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Judith Hanson
Brian D. Hotchkiss
Deanna Lee
Karen A. Levine
Joan Levinson
Stephanie Salomon
Laura Silver
Margaret Stenz
Carolyn Vaughan
Jennifer Yankopolus

Translation editing; translation

Jung May Lee Barrett
Alexandra Bonfante-Warren
Frances Bowles
Jennifer Boynton
Danielle N. Carter
Elizabeth Chapple
Mary Christian
Kelly Flynn
Lory Frankel
Stephen Robert Frankel
Jane Friedman
Wendy Greenhouse
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Richard Koss
Deanna Lee
Michelle Piranio

Websites

Emily Bowles
Jennifer Boynton
Catherine Comeau
Martin Fox
Stephen Robert Frankel
Phil Freshman
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Deanna Lee
Joan Levinson
Laura Napolitano
Kelly E. O’Donnell
Robyn Roslak
Stephanie Salomon
Laura Silver
Audrey Walen
Rachel Walther

Women’s studies

Margaret Barlow
Emily Bowles
Aliza Edelman

Writing

Jung May Lee Barrett
Alexandra Bonfante-Warren
Emily Bowles
Mary Christian
Catherine Comeau
Gregory A. Dobie
Aliza Edelman
Martin Fox
Stephen Robert Frankel
Wendy Greenhouse
Lucy Keshishian Grey
Hyunjee Nicole Kim
Valerie Ann Leeds
Joan Levinson
Debra N. Mancoff
Monica S. Rumsey
Laura Silver
Margaret Stenz